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AREA: 121,320 sq km (48,842 sq miles).
POPULATION: 3,985,00 (official estimate 1999).
POPULATION DENSITY: 28.4 per sq km.
CAPITAL: Asmara. Population: 358,100 (official estimate 1990).
GEOGRAPHY : Eritrea stretches along the Red Sea. To the south it borders Ethiopia, to the southeast Djibouti and to the east Sudan. The low-lying coastal area is very humid. The mountainous interior is largely cultivated
LANGUAGE: Arabic and Tigrinya are the official languages. Various dialects such as Afar, Bilien, Kunama, Nara, Saho and Tigre are also spoken. English and Italian are the most commonly spoke foreign languages.
RELIGION : Orthodox, Muslim, Roman Catholic,Protestant, Coptic Christian.
LIFE EXPECTANCY : 55 years
GDP PER CAPITA : $600 TIME : GMT + 3.
WORKING HOURS : According to the new working hours schedule, introduced by the government on January 1, 1997, all civil servants (non-profit public institutions) will be required to work 441/2 hours a week.
ELECTRICITY : 110/220 volts AC; there are occasional power surges.
COMMUNICATIONS: Telephone: IDD is available to Asmara, Massawa and Assab. Country code: +291. Outgoing international code is 00. All larger cities are connected via the internal system. Telegram: International services are available in the office in Asmara. Post: International post services have not been resumed with all countries. Delays are likely. Press: Hadas Eritrea is published twice-weekly in English, Arabic and Tigrinya. The Profile is published in English and a lot of other newspapers.